Friday, October 21, 2011

Biblical Evidence for Jesus' Omniscience, by Cross-Referencing to Parallel Texts Describing the All-Knowing Attributes of God the Father


 [all Bible passages: RSV]


God Knowing What is in Men's Hearts

God the Father

1 Samuel 16:7 ". . . the LORD sees not as man sees; man looks on the outward appearance, but the LORD looks on the heart." 

1 Kings 8:39 . . .  render to each whose heart thou knowest, according to all his ways (for thou, thou only, knowest the hearts of all the children of men); (cf. 2 Chron 6:30)

Psalm 44:21 . . . For he knows the secrets of the heart.

Luke 16:15 . . . God knows your hearts . . .

Acts 1:24 . . . Lord, who knowest the hearts of all men . . .

Acts 15:8 . . . God who knows the heart. . . 

God the Son (Jesus)

Matthew 9:4 . . .  Jesus, . . . said, "Why do you think evil in your hearts?

Mark 2:8 . . . Jesus, . . . said to them, "Why do you question thus in your hearts?

Luke 5:22 When Jesus perceived their questionings, he answered them, "Why do you question in your hearts?

Luke 9:47 But when Jesus perceived the thought of their hearts,. . .   

John 2:25 . . . he knew all men and needed no one to bear witness of man; for he himself knew what was in man.

God Searching Men's Hearts

God the Father

1 Chronicles 28:9 . . . the LORD searches all hearts, . . .

Psalm 139:3 Thou searchest out my path and my lying down, and art acquainted with all my ways.

Sirach 42:18 He searches out the abyss, and the hearts of men, . . . 

Romans 8:27 . . .  he who searches the hearts of men . . . 

God the Son (Jesus)


Revelation 2:23 . . . I am he who searches mind and heart . . .



God Knowing Men's Thoughts

God the Father

1 Chronicles 28:9 . . . the LORD . . . understands every plan and thought.. . .

Isaiah 66:18 "For I know their works and their thoughts, . . .

Ezekiel 11:5 . . . I know the things that come into your mind.

Matthew 6:8 . . . your Father knows what you need before you ask him.

God the Son (Jesus)

Matthew 9:4 But Jesus, knowing their thoughts,. . .

Matthew 12:25 Knowing their thoughts,. . . 

Mark 2:8 And immediately Jesus, perceiving in his spirit that they thus questioned within themselves,. . .

Luke 6:8 But he knew their thoughts,. . .


John 6:64 But there are some of you that do not believe . . .

Revelation 2:23 . . . I am he who searches mind and heart . . . 

God Knows All Things / Perfect in Knowledge

God the Father

Job 36:4-5 . . . one who is perfect in knowledge is with you. [5] "Behold, God is mighty, and does not despise any; he is mighty in strength of understanding.

Job 37:16 . . . him who is perfect in knowledge,

Psalm 147:5 Great is our LORD, and abundant in power; his understanding is beyond measure.

Proverbs 21:30 No wisdom, no understanding, no counsel, can avail against the LORD.

Isaiah 40:28 . . . his understanding is unsearchable.

Romans 11:33-34 O the depth of the riches and wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are his judgments and how inscrutable his ways! [34] "For who has known the mind of the Lord, or who has been his counselor?"

Hebrews 4:13 And before him no creature is hidden, but all are open and laid bare to the eyes of him with whom we have to do.

1 John 3:20 . . . he knows everything.


God the Son (Jesus)

Luke 2:46-47 After three days they found him in the temple, sitting among the teachers, listening to them and asking them questions; [47] and all who heard him were amazed at his understanding and his answers.

John 1:14 And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, full of grace and truth; we have beheld his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father.

John 1:17 . . . grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.

John 4:29 "Come, see a man who told me all that I ever did. Can this be the Christ?" (cf. 4:17-19)

John 7:14-15 About the middle of the feast Jesus went up into the temple and taught. [15] The Jews marveled at it, saying, "How is it that this man has learning, when he has never studied?"

John 14:6 . . . I am the way, and the truth, and the life . . . (cf. 8:32, 45-46)

John 16:30 Now we know that you know all things,. . .

John 18:37 . . . for this I have come into the world, to bear witness to the truth. Every one who is of the truth hears my voice.

John 21:17 . . . Lord, you know everything;. . .

Ephesians 4:21 . . . the truth is in Jesus.

Colossians 2:2-3 that their hearts may be encouraged as they are knit together in love, to have all the riches of assured understanding and the knowledge of God's mystery, of Christ, [3] in whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge.

1 John 5:20 And we know that the Son of God has come and has given us understanding, to know him who is true; and we are in him who is true, in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God and eternal life.


God is Perfect in Wisdom

God the Father

Proverbs 21:30 No wisdom, . . . can avail against the LORD.

Romans 11:33 O the depth of the riches and wisdom and knowledge of God! . . .

God the Son (Jesus)

Matthew 13:54 . . . he taught them in their synagogue, so that they were astonished, and said, "Where did this man get this wisdom and these mighty works? (cf. Lk 2:40)

Colossians 2:2-3 . . . Christ, [3] in whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom . . .


God Knows the Future

God the Father

Isaiah 46:10 declaring the end from the beginning and from ancient times things not yet done, . . .

Isaiah 48:3 The former things I declared of old, they went forth from my mouth and I made them known; then suddenly I did them and they came to pass.

Isaiah 48:5 I declared them to you from of old, before they came to pass I announced them to you, . . .

God the Son (Jesus)

Matthew 12:40 For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the whale, so will the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. (cf. Lk 11:30)

Matthew 16:21 From that time Jesus began to show his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and on the third day be raised.

Matthew 17:9 . . . Jesus commanded them, "Tell no one the vision, until the Son of man is raised from the dead."

Matthew 17:12 . . . So also the Son of man will suffer at their hands. (cf. Lk 17:25; 22:15)

Matthew 17:22-23 . . .  "The Son of man is to be delivered into the hands of men,  [23] and they will kill him, and he will be raised on the third day." . . . (cf. Lk 9:44)

Matthew 20:18-19  "Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man will be delivered to the chief priests and scribes, and they will condemn him to death, [19] and deliver him to the Gentiles to be mocked and scourged and crucified, and he will be raised on the third day." (cf. Mk 8:31; 9:31; 10:32-34; Lk 9:22; 18:31-33)

Matthew 24:2 But he answered them, "You see all these, do you not? Truly, I say to you, there will not be left here one stone upon another, that will not be thrown down."

Matthew 26:2 "You know that after two days the Passover is coming, and the Son of man will be delivered up to be crucified."

Matthew 26:21 and as they were eating, he said, "Truly, I say to you, one of you will betray me." (cf. Mk 14:18; Lk 22:21-22; Jn 13:18-21)

Matthew 26:31-32 Then Jesus said to them, "You will all fall away because of me this night; for it is written, `I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.' [32] But after I am raised up, I will go before you to Galilee."(cf. Mk 14:27-28)

Mark 14:29-30 Peter said to him, "Even though they all fall away, I will not." [30] And Jesus said to him, "Truly, I say to you, this very night, before the cock crows twice, you will deny me three times."(cf. Lk 22:31-34)

John 2:19-22 Jesus answered them, "Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up." [20] The Jews then said, "It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and will you raise it up in three days?" [21] But he spoke of the temple of his body. [22] When therefore he was raised from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this; and they believed the scripture and the word which Jesus had spoken.

John 6:64 . . . For Jesus knew from the first who those were that did not believe, and who it was that would betray him.

John 10:17-18 For this reason the Father loves me, because I lay down my life, that I may take it again. [18] No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again; this charge I have received from my Father."

John 12:32-33 and I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to myself." [33] He said this to show by what death he was to die.

John 13:1 Now before the feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that his hour had come to depart out of this world to the Father, . . . 

John 13:11 For he knew who was to betray him; that was why he said, "You are not all clean."(cf. Mk 14:42)

John 14:19 Yet a little while, and the world will see me no more, but you will see me;. . .

John 18:4 . . .  Jesus, knowing all that was to befall him, . . . 

John 21:18-19 Truly, truly, I say to you, when you were young, you girded yourself and walked where you would; but when you are old, you will stretch out your hands, and another will gird you and carry you where you do not wish to go." [19] (This he said to show by what death he was to glorify God.). . . 



***

3 comments:

Dan Marcum said...

Since "omniscience" MEANS "knowing all things," it seems that your fourth set of parallels is the only one necessary. Especially "we know that you know all things" (John 16:30). And don't forget John 21:17 which says the same thing: “Lord, you know all things; you know that I love you.”

Dave Armstrong said...

The other sections fill out the picture. They don't prove omniscience, but they document extraordinary attributes that would be present in an omniscient being (as opposed to an ordinary one).

In the first section, e.g., one passage says "only God . . " then there is a passage showing that Jesus, too, "knew all men."

Thus, if we have an attribute that can only be possessed by God, and Jesus is said to also have it, we can logically conclude that Jesus is God. "Knowing the hearts of all men" does not prove omniscience in and of itself, but it shows extraordinary qualities that God possesses.

The strength (as in all arguments for the Trinity or deity of Christ) lies in the cumulative evidence of many passages considered together, and the entire Bible taken into consideration.

Dan Marcum said...

Ah, I hadn't even noticed that particular parallel. Good catch, Dave!