Protestant graduate student in theology, B. J. Buracker wrote in my comboxes:
I am a student in Biblical Studies at the University of Edinburgh. I really enjoy reading a lot of popular level apologetics (Shea, Howard, Keating, Kreeft, Dave, etc.), but I am hungry for something a bit more scholarly.
Does anyone - Protestant or Catholic - have any suggestions? I would like to see solid exegetical work, paying attention to context, language, linguistics, and history. The things I am most interested in are: Sola Scriptura, Sola Fide, and the Eucharist.
Any help would be appreciated.
I don't know if these books fulfill all that you are looking for, but all the men below are actual scholars (and/or priests), with doctorates:
Eucharist and the Mass
Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger, God Is Near Us: The Eucharist, the Heart of Life, San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2003.
Abbot Vonier, A Key to the Doctrine of the Eucharist, Zaccheus Press, 2003.
James T. O'Connor, The Hidden Manna: A Theology of the Eucharist, San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2nd edition, 2005.
Peter M. J. Stravinskas, The Bible and the Mass, Ann Arbor, MI: Servant Pub., 1989.
Scott Hahn, The Lamb's Supper: The Mass as Heaven on Earth, New York: Doubleday, 1999.
Lutherans and Catholics in Dialogue III: The Eucharist as Sacrifice, 1967.
Lutherans and Catholics in Dialogue IV: Eucharist and Ministry, 1970.
Fernand Prat, The Theology of St. Paul, Westminster, MD: The Newman Bookshop, 1952 (two volumes).
N. T. Wright and James D.G. Dunn [Anglicans] are very helpful, along "catholic" lines, for a study of sola fide, because their conclusions often echo what Catholics have argued for centuries:
N. T. Wright, Paul: In Fresh Perspective, Fortress Press, 2006.
N. T. Wright, Paul for Everyone: Romans: Chapters 9-16, Westminster John Knox Press, 2004.
N. T. Wright, Paul for Everyone: Galatians and Thessalonians, Westminster John Knox Press, 2004.
James D. G. Dunn, The Theology of Paul the Apostle, Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2006.
James D. G. Dunn, The New Perspective on Paul, Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, revised edition, 2007.
Also, from another Protestant scholar:
E. P. Sanders, Paul and Palestinian Judaism: A Comparison of Patterns of Religion, Augsburg Fortress Publishers, 1977.
E. P. Sanders, Paul, the Law, and the Jewish People, Augsburg Fortress Publishers, 1985.
George A. Lindbeck, Walter Cardinal Kasper, Henry Chadwick, Edward Idris Cardinal Cassidy et al, Justification and the Future of the Ecumenical Movement: The Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification (Unitas Series), Liturgical Press, 2003.
Justification by Faith Lutherans and Catholics in Dialogue VII, 1985.
Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification, [Lutheran World Federation and Catholic Church], Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2000.
Louis Bouyer, The Spirit and Forms of Protestantism, Scepter Publications, 2001 [originally from 1958; discusses both sola Scriptura and sola fide a lot, mostly from a comparative historical perspective]
Bible, Church, and Tradition Issues:
Yves Congar, The Meaning of Tradition, San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2004.
Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger, God's Word: Scripture - Tradition - Office, San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2008.
Avery Cardinal Dulles, Magisterium: Teacher and Guardian of the Faith, Sapientia Press, 2007.
Hans Urs Von Balthasar, Word and Revelation: Essays in Theology I, Herder & Herder, 1964.
Scott Hahn, Scripture Matters: Essays on Reading the Bible from the Heart of the Church, Emmaus Road, 2003.
J. Francis Stafford, Harold C. Skillrud, and Daniel F. Martensen, Scripture and Tradition: Lutherans and Catholics in Dialogue IX (Lutherans and Catholics in Dialogue), 1995.
Robert A. Sungenis (editor), Not by Scripture Alone: A Catholic Critique of the Protestant Doctrine of Sola Scriptura, Queenship Pub. Co., 1998.
[compilation that has several chapters from scholars: Dr. Philip Blosser, my friend Dr. Robert Fastiggi, Fr. Mitch Pacwa, and Fr. Peter Stravinskas]