Wednesday, August 10, 2005

Possible References to the Deuterocanon (aka "Apocrypha"): 1 Peter Through Revelation (RSV)

By Dave Armstrong (8-10-05)

Derived from pp. 800-804 of the Nestle-Aland Greek New Testament, 27th edition (Novum Testamentum: Graece et Latine), published by Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft; see the web page from Catholic apologist Jimmy Akin, which reproduced the list. NT passages listed in Nestle-Aland will be in blue, and Deuterocanonical passages in red. Alleged references listed by verse only at the end were deemed (by myself) dissimilar and questionable or non-convincing enough to not reproduce.

[Bible passages were retrieved from the RSV Bible, with Apocrypha, from the University of Virginia Electronic Text Center]



1a) 1 Peter 1:3
Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! By his great mercy we have been born anew to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,

1b) Sirach 16:12
As great as his mercy, so great is also his reproof; he judges a man according to his deeds.

2a) 1 Peter 1:7

so that the genuineness of your faith, more precious than gold which though perishable is tested by fire, may redound to praise and glory and honor at the revelation of Jesus Christ.

2b) Sirach 2:5

For gold is tested in the fire, and acceptable men in the furnace of humiliation.


1a) 2 Peter 2:7
and if he rescued righteous Lot, greatly distressed by the licentiousness of the wicked

1b) Wisdom 10:6

Wisdom rescued a righteous man when the ungodly were perishing; he escaped the fire that descended on the Five Cities.

2a) 2 Peter 3:9
The Lord is not slow about his promise as some count slowness, but is forbearing toward you, not wishing that any should perish, but that all should reach repentance.

2b) Sirach 35:19

till he repays the man according to his deeds, and the works of men according to their devices; till he judges the case of his people and makes them rejoice in his mercy.


1a) Revelation 1:18
and the living one; I died, and behold I am alive for evermore, and I have the keys of Death and Hades.

1b) Sirach 18:1

He who lives for ever created the whole universe;

2a) Revelation 2:12
"And to the angel of the church in Per'gamum write: `The words of him who has the sharp two-edged sword.

2b) Wisdom 18:16

carrying the sharp sword of thy authentic command, and stood and filled all things with death, and touched heaven while standing on the earth.

3a) Revelation 7:9
After this I looked, and behold, a great multitude which no man could number, from every nation, from all tribes and peoples and tongues, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed in white robes, with palm branches in their hands,

3b) 2 Maccabees 10:7

Therefore bearing ivy-wreathed wands and beautiful branches and also fronds of palm, they offered hymns of thanksgiving to him who had given success to the purifying of his own holy place.

4a) Revelation 8:2
Then I saw the seven angels who stand before God, and seven trumpets were given to them.

4b) Tobit 12:15

I am Raphael, one of the seven holy angels who present the prayers of the saints and enter into the presence of the glory of the Holy One."

5a) Revelation 8:3
And another angel came and stood at the altar with a golden censer; and he was given much incense to mingle with the prayers of all the saints upon the golden altar before the throne;

5b) Tobit 12:12

And so, when you and your daughter-in-law Sarah prayed, I brought a reminder of your prayer before the Holy One; and when you buried the dead, I was likewise present with you.

6a) Revelation 8:7
The first angel blew his trumpet, and there followed hail and fire, mixed with blood, which fell on the earth; and a third of the earth was burnt up, and a third of the trees were burnt up, and all green grass was burnt up.

6b) Sirach 39:29

Fire and hail and famine and pestilence, all these have been created for vengeance;

6c) Wisdom 16:22

Snow and ice withstood fire without melting, so that they might know that the crops of their enemies were being destroyed by the fire that blazed in the hail and flashed in the showers of rain;

7a) Revelation 9:3
Then from the smoke came locusts on the earth, and they were given power like the power of scorpions of the earth;

7b) Wisdom 16:9

For they were killed by the bites of locusts and flies, and no healing was found for them, because they deserved to be punished by such things;

8a) Revelation 9:4
they were told not to harm the grass of the earth or any green growth or any tree, but only those of mankind who have not the seal of God upon their foreheads;

8b) Sirach 44:18 etc.

Everlasting covenants were made with him that all flesh should not be blotted out by a flood.

9a) Revelation 11:19
Then God's temple in heaven was opened, and the ark of his covenant was seen within his temple; and there were flashes of lightning, voices, peals of thunder, an earthquake, and heavy hail.

9b) 2 Maccabees 2:4-8

It was also in the writing that the prophet, having received an oracle, ordered that the tent and the ark should follow with him, and that he went out to the mountain where Moses had gone up and had seen the inheritance of God. 5: And Jeremiah came and found a cave, and he brought there the tent and the ark and the altar of incense, and he sealed up the entrance. 6: Some of those who followed him came up to mark the way, but could not find it. 7: When Jeremiah learned of it, he rebuked them and declared: "The place shall be unknown until God gathers his people together again and shows his mercy. 8: And then the Lord will disclose these things, and the glory of the Lord and the cloud will appear, as they were shown in the case of Moses, and as Solomon asked that the place should be specially consecrated."

10a) Revelation 18:2
And he called out with a mighty voice, "Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great! It has become a dwelling place of demons, a haunt of every foul spirit, a haunt of every foul and hateful bird;

10b) Baruch 4:35

For fire will come upon her from the Everlasting for many days, and for a long time she will be inhabited by demons.

11a) Revelation 19:1
After this I heard what seemed to be the loud voice of a great multitude in heaven, crying, "Hallelujah! Salvation and glory and power belong to our God,

11b) Tobit 13:18

all her lanes will cry `Hallelujah!' and will give praise, saying, `Blessed is God, who has exalted you for ever.'"

12a) Revelation 19:11
Then I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse! He who sat upon it is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he judges and makes war.

12b) 2 Maccabees 3:25

For there appeared to them a magnificently caparisoned horse, with a rider of frightening mien, and it rushed furiously at Heliodorus and struck at him with its front hoofs. Its rider was seen to have armor and weapons of gold.

12c) 2 Maccabees 11:8

And there, while they were still near Jerusalem, a horseman appeared at their head, clothed in white and brandishing weapons of gold.

13a) Revelation 20:12-13
And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Also another book was opened, which is the book of life. And the dead were judged by what was written in the books, by what they had done. 13: And the sea gave up the dead in it, Death and Hades gave up the dead in them, and all were judged by what they had done.

13b) Sirach 16:12

As great as his mercy, so great is also his reproof; he judges a man according to his deeds.

14a) Revelation 21:19-20
The foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with every jewel; the first was jasper, the second sapphire, the third agate, the fourth emerald, 20: the fifth onyx, the sixth carnelian, the seventh chrysolite, the eighth beryl, the ninth topaz, the tenth chrysoprase, the eleventh jacinth, the twelfth amethyst.
14b) Tobit 13:17

The streets of Jerusalem will be paved with beryl and ruby and stones of Ophir;

See also:

1 Peter 2:25 and Wisdom 1:6
1 Peter 4:19 and 2 Maccabees 1:24 etc.
1 Peter 5:7 and Wisdom 12:13

2 Peter 2:2 and Wisdom 5:6
2 Peter 3:18 and Sirach 18:10

1 John 5:21 and Baruch 6:72

Jude 13 and Wisdom 14:1

Revelation 2:10 and 2 Maccabees 13:14
Revelation 2:17 and 2 Maccabees 2:4-8
Revelation 4:11 and Sirach 18:1 and Wisdom 1:14
Revelation 5:7 and Sirach 1:8-9
Revelation 8:1 and Wisdom 18:14
Revelation 17:14 and 2 Maccabees 13:4
Revelation 19:16 and 2 Maccabees 13:4

No comments: